describe the three steps of the decontamination process

Test. Accepted file types: jpg, png, pdf, jpeg, gif, heic. The extraction step of an ETL process involves connecting to the source systems, and both selecting and collecting the necessary data needed for analytical processing within the data warehouse or data mart. After listening to Richard’sstory, each of the five tells his or her own. Sterilize In step 3, instruments are exposed to the actual sterilization conditions (saturated steam, ethylene oxide, etc.). Cleaning Disinfecting Inspection Sterilisation. methods and frequencies o disinfection o sterilisation, including techniques. Decontamination can be a combination of processes, including cleaning, disinfection and sterilisation. Before the embalming process can begin, the body is washed in water from the Nile and palm wine. Describe the three steps of the decontamination process. 4  Pages. Explain the concept of risk in dealing with specific types of contamination 2.6. A. manual and/or automated, mechanical cleaning B. processing through a sterilization cycle C. soaking in a disinfecting solution D. application of a disinfectant. The three part writing process ensures the best outcome each time. It turns out eventually that they all have step parents, somekind, some bad, some just plain wrong and so they tell each other their stories. Cleaning, decontamination and the role of the environment in transmission of disease are fiercely debated areas. In this example, we look at how a professional cleaner would generally approach and carry out the decontamination of an indoor area. The general decontamination process is as follows: Once the decontamination is complete, the professional cleaners will create a final survey on their findings. 3  Pages. humans have a blind spot: Carving a pumpkin is actually pretty easy. a. Describe how and when cleaning agents are used. We use cookies to ensure the best experience on our website. Establishing Standards: A standard acts as a reference line or basis of comparison of actual performance in the organisation. 2 Understand the principles and steps of the decontamination process. The term ‘decontamination’ is used to cover the different methods of removing or Disinfection is not done to remove all contaminants, but instead reduces the amount of contamination. Orientation will reduce: job training cost, employee anxiety, employee turnover; and improve: employee attendance, performance, and over-all skills available. PLAY. Different types of contamination pose a different level of risk and therefore can require a different decontamination process. Created by. Use of cleaning agents This survey or report will be given to the occupier of the area to detail how they’ve carried out the decontamination process and any next steps they need to follow. Appeals Process 3. The actual physical removal of microorganisms by scrubbing is often as important as the antimicrobial effect of the … And the step in the middle is the analysis. For example, a process essay could detail the steps that must be taken in order to graduate from a particular college. 2.1. If the hazard is not life threatening, you can take the time to set up a formal decon station. Low risk contaminations usually require a simple cleaning process: The three levels of decontamination are: 1. You can find the writing as something interesting and important for your own future. The Decontamination Cycle in a hospital environment: ... sterilization process can be monitored. Premium An appeal can be filed by either side of the case and if granted, the appellate court is the next, employees. A payroll system is the avenue through which you process your payroll. Orientation of the company and job training is the first crucial step to ensuring a positive performance from both new and old employees. If you do not know how to write an essay, there are several steps that you can follow. Established procedures must be followed during the decontamination process. Any sterilising techniques should be taught to staff and they should be monitored. The Process of an Essay. Garnishment, Tax, Payroll 514  Words | The nursing process is described as being an individualised problem solving approach in which patients receive nursing care. Process using heat or chemicals to reduce the number of living microorganisms to a level which is not harmful to health . How to Make a Step-by-Step Flow Chart for a Payroll System As the name suggests, problem-solving starts with a problem. The various levels of decontamination are described below. For example: The three main steps of decontamination in the health care setting are following: 1. 2.1 Describe the three steps of the decontamination process Set up the decontamination and support areas Conduct decontamination triage Decontaminate the victims 2.2 Describe how and when cleaning agents are used They are used to kill pathogens and should e used … Step Two There are three main elements for the formation of a legally binding contract, intention, agreement and consideration. Their stories are powerful and intensely moving tales of childrenstruggling with... Free Decontamination is a combination of processes that removes or destroys contamination so that infectious agents or other contaminants cannot reach a susceptible site in sufficient quantities to initiate infection, or other harmful response. The arrival rate of jobs is 30 per hour with coefficient of variation of 2. Disinfection; 3. | 2.1 The three steps of the decontamination process are: Clean, disinfect and sterilize. Staff in the NHS will usually work a standard 37.5 hours per week. Premium While disinfection isn’t guaranteed to kill all microorganisms, it reduces the presence of them to prevent the spread of harmful bugs and diseases. There are three levels of risk High, intermediate and low, and three ways to decontaminate … All equipment must be cleaned in between patients if it is re-usable and not for single use. Environmental decontamination refers to the process by which environmental contamination is reduced to a level that is not harmful to health. The following must be done in order: The instruments must be placed in special containers. The bottom level is the largest because any item that was used by a patient and needs to … Terms in this set (28) What stages does decontamination involve. If you do not know how to write an essay, there are several steps that you can follow. Premium People do things differently and have certain steps they take, in their own way, to get it done. For example, this could be to avoid the area for a set amount of time if the method of decontamination is harmful and requires airing out. Explain the reason for the national policy for colour coding of cleaning equipment 2. Write. This may involve explaining how to put items or ingredients together to make a finished product, such as in a recipe. 2021. PSY 340 By Natalie Grace, eHow Contributor How to Carve a Jack-O-Lantern You just clipped your first slide! They must be decontaminated with chemical or physical agents. The three main steps of decontamination in the health care setting are following: 1. This pay system covers all staff except doctors, dentists and the most senior managers. Learn. a. A flow chart shows the sequence of your payroll processing duties. Decontamination process. The decontamination pyramid has three major levels. The three-stage model of service consumption is a customer decision making process of the service purchasing. Cleaning should be carried out with disinfecting or cleaning agents and the proper use of each and when to use should be known beforehand. Match. Whether it is tying our shoes, baking a cake, or changing the oil in the car. Steam under pressure, dry heat, EtO gas, hydrogen peroxide gas plasma, and liquid chemicals are the principal sterilizing agents used in health-care facilities. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The three steps to decontamination is cleaning, disinfecting and sterilising. The three types of payroll system are manual, in-house computerized, and external (outsourced). 2. Solid wastes containing uranium and 99 Tc compounds will be produced. that is why they hate it. Automated HPV decontamination systems have been found to reduce the risk of patients acquiring infection whilst in hospital. Those cases would be a death penalty case or life in prison. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Most jobs in the NHS are covered by the Agenda for Change (AfC) pay scales. This article throws light upon the three main steps involved in the process of control in an organisation. This is a general term used to describe the removal of microbial contamination to make an item safe, meaning that it no longer poses a risk. 3. Contamination of the environment plays a key role in the transmission of some pathogens that cause healthcare-associated infection. Richard Clayton Harwick’s long hidden journal provides an inner tale that triggers off, one by one,each of the stories of the listening children. Describe how the three-stage model of service consumption could explain consumer behavior in a low-contact service like online textbook purchase. To ensure that each step of the decontamination process reduces the load of microbes on the instruments, it is crucial that clean and dirty instruments are segregated and are not recontaminated after cleaning or sterilization by direct contact, splashes and aerosols. The decontamination process is an important stage in device reprocessing because an instrument or device cannot be sterilized until fully clean. decontamination process 2.1. Flashcards. The use of established principles and procedures is required to assure that these steps in the sterilization process … Even if instruments are selected for a treatment session, but not used, they should be viewed as contaminated. Apprentice Decontamination technicians will typically start on AfC band 2, with opportunities to progress to technician and supervisory level posts at band 3 and band 4. DIPC Director of Infection Prevention and Control Disinfection This is a process of removing or killing most, but not all viable organisms. The decontamination process is broken down into three stages: Injection phase – the unit will generate and circulate the HPV until the required concentration and humidity have been achieved. Describe the three steps of the decontamination process. Decontamination A general term used to describe the destruction or removal of microbial contamination to render an item or the environment safe. Good writers plan their messages, often using an outline or notes made before writing the message. Lack of a plan before writing may seem to save a writer time, but it can confuse the writer once she begins, and it slows the receiver. Initiation is the beginning of the process. If you continue we'll assume that you have understood this. The three main steps in the process of DNA replication are initiation, elongation and termination. The aqueous decontamination process produces radioactive wastes that must be managed safely. Required fields are marked *. Describe why humans have a blind spot: A job is a tray of instruments for certain types of applications. Spell. During any decontamination, the professional cleaners carrying out this work will follow a prearranged process to ensure that the affected area is cleaned correctly and to a suitable standard. There are 3 steps in the process: decontamination, assembly and sterilization. Proper orientation and training the employee's involves a continuous, items or ingredients together to make a finished product, such as in a recipe. 3  Pages. Premium A dusty surface on a shelf is a low risk as it is unlikely to cause harm to anyone and is easily cleaned. Online shopping, Shopping, Shopping cart software 912  Words | Describe the three steps of the process of deconstruction 6 What is. Instruments that have been used need to be collected and removed from the area where they were used. Subject: Services Marketing Premium You cannot process your payroll without a payroll system. Sterilising – It is for used items on which there is high risk of infection or contamination. Cylindrical shape, similar to a welding rod. Process essays are essays that explain to the audience how to do something or how to complete a task. • Decontamination: Toxic agent used to kill rapidly growing normal flora that would otherwise overgrow slow growing mycobacteria • Centrifugation: Used to sediment bacteria following digestion/decontamination 33 . Sound, Eye, Ear 799  Words | What are the three steps of the decontamination process? Explain the role of personal protective equipment (PPE) during the decontamination process 2.5. The term decontamination includes sterilisation, disinfection and cleaning. Staff must be trained and follow the required procedures and be knowledgeable of the various steps and potential pitfalls. The following must be done in order: The instruments must be placed in special containers. A small incision is made in the left side of the body and the liver, lungs, intestines and stomach are removed. Disinfection is not done to remove all contaminants, but instead reduces the amount of contamination. Soiled instruments from the OR are first taken to the decontamination area to be cleaned of gross soils and inspected for damage. There are three basic steps to write an essay; discovering a topic, supporting the thesis, and editing the essay. Move the instruments. lucy_lewis9. StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Both bacteria and viruses can cause disease in humans, some of which are mildly irritating while others can... © IRG Limited. Understand the principles and steps of the decontamination process. Week Three Worksheet 5  Pages. Step # 1. Describe how and when disinfecting agents are used 2.4. 3  Pages, "Describe The Three Steps Of The Decontamination Process", shoes, baking a cake, or changing the oil in the car. The three steps in the documentation process are • Set up the support areas and decontamination • Conduct decontamination triage • Decontaminate the victims. Initiation is the beginning of the process. Cleaning, Decontamination and Waste Management. Transport - Used supplies and equipment should be collected and taken to the Decontamination Area in the Sterile Processing Department in a way that avoids contamination of personnel or any area of the hospital. Although this is likely to differ in a variety of ways depending on the substance, the area being cleaned and the people conducting the clean, all decontaminations play out in a similar manner. Jury, Trial court, Appeal 1011  Words | As a starting point, cleaning covers the removal of the contaminant and any other unwanted substances from floors, walls, doors and windows using simple cleaning products, detergents and, in some cases, soap and water. All instruments that have come into contact with oral and other bodily fluids must be thoroughly cleaned and sterilised after use. Week Three Worksheet The level of detail within a problem changes based on the magnitude of an issue, but the basic steps of problem solving remain the same regardless of the type of problem. Steps. 2. guidance on the decontamination of the environment following a spillage of blood or body fluids. You can find the writing as something interesting and important for your own future. As chemicals and germs aren’t always visible to the human eye, this attention to detail is vital. Pumpkin, Carving, Face 924  Words |  A combination of the two. Premium Humans have a blind spot because the spot that the axons meet to form the optic nerve does not have any sensor cells. Understand the principles and steps of the decontamination process 2.1. There are three basic steps to write an essay; discovering a topic, supporting the thesis, and editing the essay. as a precaution, professional cleaners will swab all areas of the room including the floor, walls, doorways and windows over the course of cleaning to check that the contaminant hasn’t spread. Take them to the area where you decontaminate things … Student: Olena Zaiets An appeal can be filed by either side of the case and if granted, the appellate court is the next step. that is why they hate it. Calls to our service centre may be recorded or monitored for training and quality purposes. Organic material including blood and soil may inactivate chemical disinfectants and protect microorganisms from the decontamination process. Physical cleaning. Cleaning; 2. To cater to the health and safety of the professional cleaners and ensure that the air and surface decontamination process is carried out accordingly, there is a structure to adhere to. Purify the body. People do things differently and have certain, of a lower court’s decision. Depending on the contaminant itself and the severity of the spill, each of these approaches may be used separately or together, with all three being applicable to thorough cleans. The major disadvantages of gaseous decontamination are the danger in handling the toxic and highly reactive ClF 3, the difficulty of applying the technique at ambient temperature to partially dismantled process equipment as in the Oak Ridge plant, and uncertainty about the amount of uranium that will be removed. This policy has helped in coming up with different facilities using various colours that is to be used in different settings. A. manual and/or automated, mechanical cleaning second step: application of a thermal or chemical disinfection process. decontamination process through which surgical instruments pass before every use. They must be decontaminated with chemical or physical agents. There are some cases that automatically get an appeal. Premium Definitions • Cleaning: A process that will physically remove contamination (blood, vomit, faeces, etc.) Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 2.2. It ends with solutions. Decontamination of the environment can be achieved through: 1. All equipment must be cleaned in between patients if it is re-usable and to for single use. However, there is no doubt that the environment plays an important role in being a reservoir that helps perpetuate transmission, with approximately 5% of near patient surfaces demonstrating the presence of bacteria identical to those from the patient (32, 33). The bulk of the water can be reused. Start studying Decontamination process. Everything we do in life involves some kind of process to get it accomplished. Dwell phase – the HPV gets to work by contacting all of the exposed surfaces and eliminating the microorganisms. Cleaning & Decontamination 101. The three main steps in the process of DNA replication are initiation, elongation and termination. Sanchez – Communication Process).From a business perspective, effective communication is an absolute must, because it accounts for the difference between success and failure or profit and loss of an organization. The uranium can be removed and recovered from the wash solutions by evaporation, precipitation, ion exchange, or solvent extraction. These essays can also explain how to accomplish a goal. The Design Thinking process can be divided into five key steps: Empathize, Define, Ideate, Prototype, and Test. Question a) Step One The principle of law is that for a valid contract to be formed there must be an agreement reached by both parties. Essay, Essays, Conclusion 1193  Words | The process of endocytosis can be summarized in three basic steps. Communication Process. Effective decontamination requires the attainment of acceptable standards at all stages of the life cycle. Box 1 defines these terms, as well as others that are relevant. Decontamination is the process of decreasing antimicrobial presence in an area or on a surface. Describe how the correct management of the environment minimises the spread of infection 1.4. The speed and intensity of your decontamination efforts will depend on the severity of the situation. Get Your FREE Coronavirus Decontamination estimate in 3 easy steps. Through these steps, you can write an effective and clear essay. Abstract. Steps in the Decontamination Process. Method 1 of 6: Preparing the Instruments for Decontamination before Sterilization. what is the first step in the decontamination process? Steps in the Decontamination Process. The plasma membrane folds inward (invaginates) forming a cavity that fills with extracellular fluid, dissolved molecules, food particles, foreign matter, pathogens, or other substances. 2. Premium By following a few simple steps, you can have clean, sterilized instruments that can be used in any medical situation. October 27, 2014 Describe how the correct management of the environment minimises the spread of infection. When considering the five steps of Design Thinking, it’s important to remember that it’s not a linear process. The. There are three levels of risk High, intermediate and low, and three ways to decontaminate Cleaning, Sterilization, and Disinfection. Describe the functional and anatomical differences between rods and cones: An appeal is the process in which a appellant is looking for a review and possibly a reversal of a lower court’s decision. Family, Parenting, Ugly sisters 2061  Words | Specific critical steps are necessary during the cleaning and processing steps, and methods are now available to test the efficacy of the cleaning process. a. Sterilization is actually a type of decontamination along with disinfection and antisepsis. These courses will review the basics of cleaning and decontamination, beginning with an overview of device processing and walking you through manual and automated cleaning processes. Frequently used in a healthcare environment, sterilisation is primarily utilised on decontamination equipment as it removes all trace to prevent the unwanted substances from being moved elsewhere. Proper orientation and training the employee's involves a continuous process that must begin at the time of hire to ensure a since of employee value and company involvement. Taking Corrective Action. The Basic Steps of Endocytosis . Explain the reason for the national policy for colour coding of cleaning equipment. Learning outcome 2: Understand the principles and steps of the decontamination process Decontamination process Three steps of the decontamination process: o cleaning, e.g. Describe The Three Steps Of The Decontamination Process 842 Words 4 Pages 2.1 Describe the three steps of the decontamination process Decontamination is the combination of processes including cleaning, disinfection and sterilization, which are used to make reusable medical device safe for further use on patients and for handling by staff. 2.1 Describe the three steps of the decontamination process Decontamination is the combination of processes including cleaning, disinfection and sterilization, which are used to make reusable medical device safe for further use on patients and for handling by staff. The various levels of decontamination are described below. Describe the three steps of the decontamination process. Your email address will not be published. 2. Establishing standards and methods for measuring performance. View Course. Describe how and when cleaning agents The first prerequisite for any decontamination procedure is adequate pre-cleaning of the device or surface to be decontaminated. Apprising Performance 3. 2. Sterilization is actually a type of decontamination along with disinfection and antisepsis. The three levels of decontamination apply to different approaches to items that may need to be cleaned. It turns out eventually that they all have, model of service consumption could explain consumer behavior in a low-contact service like online textbook purchase. Disinfecting – It is used for items on which there is medium risk. 5  Pages. Established procedures must be followed during the decontamination process. Physical cleaning. Teralyn Sell Describe how and when cleaning agents are used 2.3. The cleaning agents must be used in moist, wet and dark places to kill the pathogens. The steps are: 1. Describe the three steps of the decontamination processClean, disinfect and sterilise. August 23, 2012 STUDY. Your email address will not be published. Methods of decontamination. Although different tray types have different processing time requirements, at the aggregate level, we do not differentiate the tray types. Every sterilization process consists out of three phases. 3  Pages. The disinfected agents usually include chemical detergents, antiseptic and antibacterial and are used in the case of low risk, e.g., cleaning floor … 2. Cleaning The Decontamination Process. 6  Pages. 4 Step Process to Contract Law. Decontamination (sometimes abbreviated as decon, dcon, or decontam) is the process of removing contaminants on an object or area, including chemicals, micro-organisms or radioactive substances.This may be achieved by chemical reaction, disinfection or physical removal. This essay could be written about practically anything, but it will be about how to carve a jack-o-lantern. Describe the three steps of the decontamination process 2.2. Decontamination is a combination of processes that removes or destroys contamination so that infectious agents or other contaminants cannot reach a susceptible site in sufficient quantities to initiate infection, or other harmful response. Training, Vocational education, Process 1182  Words | It is often used to refer to equipment or the environment and does not necessarily mean that they are sterile. Remove the internal organs. learned what it waslike to have a truly wicked stepfather. and many micro-organisms using detergent and water. decontamination include the nature of the contamination, the time required for processing, the heat, pressure, moisture and chemical tolerance of the object, the availability of the processing equipment and the quality and risks associated with the Be a satisfactory method of decontamination apply to different approaches to items that may need to decontaminated. Antimicrobial effect of the decontamination process your own future washing 690 Words | 3..: the instruments for certain types of contamination best experience on our website using! Prerequisite for any decontamination procedure is adequate pre-cleaning of the case and if,... Cleaning agents decontamination process are: clean, sterilized instruments that have been used need to be cleaned gross! Can cause disease in humans, some of which are mildly irritating while others can... © IRG Limited the. Consumer behavior in a disinfecting solution D. application of a legally binding,. Steps in the organisation be trained and follow the required procedures and be knowledgeable of decontamination... Be cleaned best experience on our website certain situations, be a of! Role of the process by which environmental contamination is reduced to a level which is not harmful to health or! Standard acts as a reference line or basis of comparison of actual performance in the organisation any.: Respond to faint light and are more abundant in the health care setting following. To kill the pathogens step: application of a disinfectant pose a different level of in. A legally binding contract, intention, agreement and consideration require a different decontamination process produces radioactive that! And palm wine we 'll assume that you can find the writing as something interesting and important your., png, pdf, jpeg, gif, heic correct management of the company and training... The wash solutions by evaporation, precipitation, ion exchange, or extraction... Be known beforehand process by which environmental contamination is reduced to a level that is done., gif, heic helped in coming up with different facilities using various that. Is reduced to a level which is not harmful to health sterilization is actually a type decontamination... Order to graduate from a particular college formal decon station automated HPV decontamination systems have used. The Design Thinking, it ’ s actually a highly iterative loop use be. In this set ( 28 ) what stages does decontamination involve in patients!, there are several steps that you can take the time to set a... Premium Jury, Trial court, appeal 1011 Words | 5 Pages important your! Are used 2.3 minimises the spread of infection Prevention and control disinfection this a. Decontamination process is described as being an individualised problem solving approach in patients! The term decontamination includes sterilisation, including cleaning, disinfection and antisepsis in up! Student: Olena Zaiets 1 baking a cake, or solvent extraction oil in the left side of decontamination... Places to kill the pathogens notes made before writing the message in settings. Get your Free Coronavirus decontamination estimate in 3 easy steps PPE ) during the decontamination process and! The severity of the situation sterilized until fully clean term decontamination includes sterilisation, including techniques a small incision made... Even if instruments are selected for a treatment session, but not all viable organisms to. Necessarily mean that they are sterile evaporation, precipitation, ion exchange, or changing the oil in the process. Level of risk in dealing with specific types of payroll system is the avenue through surgical... Your decontamination efforts will depend on the decontamination process and sterilise equipment should be carried out with disinfecting or agents! Management of the device or surface to be collected and removed from the area where you things. Nebraska, Lincoln ; Course Title ENGL 270 ; type payroll 514 Words | 4 Pages and potential.... Can also explain how to write an essay, there are three basic steps to write an,. And/Or automated, mechanical cleaning second step: application of a lower court ’ s a. Situations, be a death penalty case or life in prison general cleaning management of the children... Remember that it ’ s important to remember that it ’ s actually a highly iterative loop involved in health. Before sterilization environment minimises the spread of infection Prevention and control disinfection this a... Three types of applications it includes chemicals, radioactive substances and infectious diseases microorganisms to a level which is harmful... Of these stages will result in inadequate decontamination most, but instead reduces the amount of contamination a... Purposes and should be carried out with disinfecting or cleaning agents decontamination process 2.2 life describe the three steps of the decontamination process standards a. Have any sensor cells removal of microbial contamination to render an item or the environment in transmission disease... Gets to work by contacting all of the process of deconstruction 6 what is used 2.3 along with disinfection antisepsis! Most senior managers upon the three types of applications but instead reduces the amount of contamination 2.6 upon the main! 340 October 27 describe the three steps of the decontamination process 2014 Teralyn Sell Week three Worksheet 1 baking a cake, or solvent.! By evaporation, precipitation, ion exchange, or solvent extraction collected and removed from the area where decontaminate! Service centre may be recorded or monitored for training and quality purposes vomit, faeces, etc )... Remember that it ’ s actually a type of decontamination in the left side of the cycle. Washed in water from the Nile and palm wine closed totes or containers, solvent. By such contaminants, as opposed to general cleaning and infectious diseases to... Experience on our website level, we look at how a professional cleaner would approach. Detail is vital automatically get an appeal can be removed and recovered from the solutions... Sterilized instruments that have been found to reduce the number of living microorganisms to a level is! - premium and Free essays, Conclusion 1193 Words | 3 Pages with flashcards,,! Body and the liver, lungs, intestines and stomach are removed, sterilization, and the! Procedure, separated by sex: removal of microorganisms by scrubbing is often as important as the antimicrobial effect the., Prototype, and editing the essay is made in the periphery of the process! Cleaning is a tray of instruments for decontamination before sterilization, png, pdf, jpeg gif. Of process to get it done microbial contamination to render an item or the environment minimises the spread of Prevention! Be recorded or monitored for training and quality purposes disinfectant, washing 690 Words | 3 Pages has. Up the support areas and decontamination are important early steps in the reprocessing.!, Ideate, Prototype, and three ways to decontaminate cleaning, sterilization, and three ways decontaminate. Light and are more abundant in the decontamination process a problem a disinfecting solution application! Is tying our shoes, baking a cake, or changing the in! Service purchasing risk of patients acquiring infection whilst in hospital do things differently and have certain steps they take in. Decon efforts middle is the analysis a tray of instruments for certain types of pose... Both bacteria and viruses can cause disease in humans, some of which are mildly irritating others! Following a spillage of blood or body fluids Tax, payroll 514 |... Process in terms of service consumption is a tray of instruments for decontamination sterilization...

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