breeding peacock cichlids

When choosing tank mates for your peacock cichlid, compatibility should not be your only consideration. Monitor the pregnant female for the next two or three weeks as the eggs develop in her mouth. young adult pair red rubens peacock cichlid male and female. For breeding tanks, the bigger the tank the better. In the wild, male peacock cichlids situate themselves outside of rock caves and grottos in order to attract the female. The fry tank should be at least 10 gallons in size and equipped with an aquarium heater and a sponge filter. This man-made species is problematic for a few reasons. Maintain the fry tank by performing weekly 5 to 10 per cent water changes. Both in its natural appearance and in color forms developed even further through captive breeding, these are some of the most sought after cichlids originating from Lake Malawi, Africa. For the best results, use a ratio of 1 male to 3-5 females. The Rubin Red Peacock Aulonocara stuartgranti "Chipoka" is a favorite with its outstanding colors. These fish are very colourful and non-aggressive, which makes them excellent fish to keep. Peacock cichlids are quite good mothers, better than some of the mbuna who might just abandon them. When you want to breed Peacock Cichlids one of the first things you need to do is make sure each male has their own territory to prevent conflict. When mating has finished the male may continue to pursue the female. This video Features my Dragon Blood Peacock Cichlid "Orange Crisp" In their case, the females take on this task after the eggs are fertilized. Also, cichlids will hybridize, especially OB peacocks, as they are hybrids themselves. Katherine Barrington has written on a variety of topics, from arts and crafts to pets, health and do-it-yourself projects. In the wild, peacock cichlids care for their newly hatched fry for a week or so but this behaviour is not consistently observed in captivity. Most peacock cichlids live in open water just above the sand. This is due to peacock cichlids having rather unique water parameter requirements, so you will also need to make sure that any tank mates you add have similar water requirements as well. Avoid Mbunas. Compatibility. Breeding of Peacock Cichlids. The female cichlid lays her eggs in a cave or rock crevice and then gathers up the eggs in … Breeding Peacock Cichlids is a relatively easy affair. Once you ensure you have at least one male and female, you can begin the process of breeding. Breeding cichlids in a captive environment can be difficult, but with the proper information and environment, you can breed peacock cichlids in your aquarium. Disturb her as little as possible. At the breeding site they will follow each other in a circle, pausing every half circle for the female to lay eggs and then picking them up on the turn. Usually, you will notice the female will have a slight swelling in the abdomen and you might notice a slight bud near the egg vent. The peacock cichlid fry will take a long time to colour up and will mostly look like the mother in colour until they are juveniles. any cichlid that resembles another species will cross breed. Carefully transfer the pregnant female into a fry tank just before she releases the fry from her mouth or 2 to 3 weeks into the holding period. The male will then fertilize those eggs and from then on … Allow the female cichlid to remain in the fry tank for two or three days after releasing the fry so she can rest and recuperate before being returned to the main tank. Peacock Cichlids have an affinity for lukewarm water temperature similar to those they are used to inhabiting in the lower regions of Lake Malawi. Most fish eat their babies so they must be separated while their offspring can … Many cichlid-keepers tend to choose tank mates that are from Lake Malawi bec… Breeding fish in a captive environment can be difficult but, with the proper information and environment, peacock cichlids can be bred in captivity. Most females when first bred will lose the first batch of eggs. There may be occasional breaks where the male will chase away other curious fish. Other types of Cichlids may change color depending on their mood and breeding behaviors. You may also supplement this diet with finely crushed flake food. If you are serious about breeding Peacock Cichlids, be sure to purchase fish designated for that purpose, and then set up enough tanks to house all the offspring. To lure them to his territory, he will try to “entertain” them with various flashy dance moves. Watch as the male courts the female. While there are multiple different types of Peacock Cichlids, all stay the same color throughout their lives. dominant male orange blotch peacock cichlid, Peacock cichlids, which are fishes of the various Aulonocara species such as Stuartgranti, Jacobfreibergi, etc, are endemic to the lake Malawi. Breeding Peacock Cichlids Breeding these guys is relatively easy and they need little encouragement to spawn, my females are ready to spawn every 2 months in fact. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Allow the female cichlid to remain in the fry tank for two or three days after releasing the fry so she can rest and recuperate before being returned to the main tank. Keep the temperature in the tank steady and ensure adequate filtration and aeration by keeping your filter clean. Young peacocks because of their drab colours are less expensive than their mbuna equivalents. After the eggs have been fertilised, the female will gather the eggs into her mouth where they will develop over the next few weeks. The "OB Peacock" is not found in Lake Malawi but rather is a man-made cichlid species. The below-shown article describes diet, breeding, feeding, habitat, demands on water chemistry and we also focused on raising the fry. Unlike most cichlids, the female Electric Yellow is as brilliantly colored as the male. The male will start flirting, mostly by chasing the female. After three weeks the fry can be moved to a large grow out tank, where they will grow much faster. For the best results, use a ratio of 1 male to 3-5 females. Always used water that has been left to stand for 24 hours or preferably more. Daphnia, brineshrimp, chopped earthworms, and white worms are all good foods to prime the fish to breed. All you need to know about breeding Peacock Cichlids! Introduce your breeding group of peacock cichlids into the breeding tank. The breeding tank needs to be a MINIMUM of 29 US gallons (110 liters) for SMALLER types of peacock cichlids. The male will dig a shallow ditch in the substrate and begin to make displays to attract a female and to lure her to the place he has chosen for the eggs. If any other fish have been caught behind the partitioned end then just net them out, to leave her alone. In this video I discuss important information on how to breed African Cichlid Peacocks. Even if you removed the male, another male may fertilize the eggs. Tropical Fishkeeping; Breeding African Peacock Cichlids; Greg V, Cichlid Forum.com; The Peacocks of Lake Malawi; Marc Elieson. To encourage breeding, feed your cichlids a varied diet including flake foods and pellets, blood worms, brine shrimp and small crustaceans. Peacock Cichlids have an iridescent color and are distinct from other Cichlids in that their color is permanent. Introduce your breeding group of peacock cichlids into the breeding tank. Make sure there are plenty of hiding places in your tank so the pregnant female can hide out and remain undisturbed. Fortunately though like other Cichlids, they are fairly straightforward to breed in a home aquarium. Keystone Cichlids has been keeping cichlids for over 25 years and breeding on and off for 15 years. She has a Bachelor of Arts in English with a creative writing concentration from Marietta College. Native to Lake Malawi in eastern Africa, peacock cichlids live near the bottom of the warm, deep water where it searches for food in the sandy substrate. (Euro) This is the most impressive man made species I have ever bred. Peacock cichlids are a breed of African cichlid native to Lake Malawi. The female must be mature enough to breed. Heating: These tropical fish will need warmer water, so a heater is required. Once all the fry have been released and she does not take them back and she is feeding it is best to net the mother and put her in another aquarium to rest and recuperate. For you to breed peacock cichlids successfully, you will need to set up a breeding tank and once your fish spawn, raise the fry in a tank separate from the parents. So if you are trying to breed them, only have 1 species of peacock. Read more on our ``about us`` page The Electric Yellow is a mildly aggressive fish but can get highly aggressive when breeding. So, it is better to partition the female in one end of the aquarium. These fish are mouth brooders so the female will pick up the fertilized eggs in her mouth after spawning and incubate them until hatching. Separate the fry into larger rearing tanks once they grow to about an inch in size. Monitor the pregnant female for the next two or three weeks as the eggs develop in her mouth. Their breeding process is unique and entertaining to observe.When the male establishes his territory, he will attempt to court the female. It was engineered by crossing a male Aulonocara species with an OB female mbuna, at least initially. 1. Cichlids need a tank that is at least 4 feet long (1.3 meters) in order to breed. Another vital ingredient is patience. This page is devoted to raising Peacock cichlids and we'd love to hear your experiences or questions at the bottom of this page! Cover the bottom of the tank with Java moss or leave it bare to make it easier to clean. Typical mouth brooders include yellow labs, red zebras, yellow-tailed acei, and other Lake Malawi cichlids. Explosion of color, answers, and babies! Breeding. For the fry a 10-20 gallon tank is good until they are around an inch long. So when you want to breed Peacocks the first thing you need to do is make sure each male has their own territory to prevent conflict. Many breed readily in the home aquarium and, like all cichlids, they are egg layers. When she is ready she will follow him to the breeding site. The fry can be fed with baby brine shrimp and may even take crushed fish food. Set up a breeding tank for your cichlids. Peacock Cichlids exhibit docile behavior most of the time. Description: This variety of the Sunshine Peacock was selected for its bright red body that has specs of brilliant blue. Male Peacock cichlids tend to be fairly solitary and territorial, plus it is easy to distinguish them from females due to their bright coloration. The male will fertilise the eggs by spraying his milt as she picks up her eggs and tries to pick up the fake egg on the male’s ventral fin. These Peacocks will display a solid blue head. Although from lake Malawi, they are not as aggressive as the mbunas or other Malawi cichlids. When she is at one end put the partition in. In order to successfully breed peacock cichlids you will need to set up a breeding tank and, once your cichlids spawn, raise the fry in a tank separate from the parents. A must have in your peacock and hap show tank. Also the ideal temperature is 78F for breeding. The breeding tank will be where the cichlids will be mating. After hatching the female might care for the fry for a week or so but then they will be left to fend for themselves. Another thing to try is to reduce feeding of the adults to once a day. Some of the fish that make good tank mates are the Peacock Cichlid, Kenya Cichlid, Blue Dolphin Cichlid, Lionhead Cichlid, and Frontosa. When I first acquired them as juvies they were yellow to orange at 3" but after 4 years of selective breeding. After four months or so the male cichlids should begin to show their colouring and the fry will be ready to sell or give away. Breeding cichlids can be both entertaining and educational due to their unique breeding practices -- mouth-brooding varieties are especially interesting as their process of spawning is so unusual. It has bright oranges and reds strongly contrasted with bright blue markings on the face, tail, and fins. Fill the bottom of the breeding tank with sand or fine gravel substrate and decorate it with large rocks and caves. During this time the female will eat very little and may avoid opening her mouth at all. 2 Below is a basic rundown of what you’ll need for a cichlid tank: Filtration: Because they require large tanks, more filtration is always better than less. You can breed Peacock Cichlids relatively easy, although it is useful to have a secondary tank for these cases. She will also re-take the fry in her mouth and she might start feeding at this point. But mating continues for quite a while. How to Recognize Breeding Pairs As with other species of cichlids, Peacocks are mouthbrooders. All the different peacocks have similar coloured females and the males aren't fussy about who they breed with. In that case you will have to wait several more weeks. Tank Mate Compatibility: Best with Haplochromis and other Peacock Cichlids, Cuckoo Catfish, and Plecos. Blue Peacock Cichlid (Aulonocara nyassae) How about adding some blue color to your tank? Comprising the entire Aulonocara genus of freshwater fish, the peacock cichlid, or simply peacocks, are about the friendliest and most peaceful cichlids you can find to keep in your aquarium. For breeding, one male and 3-4 females is ideal. However, when they reach juvenile to adult size and start colouring up, they become more valuable. Principally, it is hybrid, which many African Cichlid hobbyists find detestable. They are called peacocks because like the peacock bird, the male is larger with splendid colours such as blue, red and yellow while the females are smaller and duller – usually silver or brown. Another thing to consider is to be careful of interbreeding between the various peacock cichlid species. Breeding fish in a captive environment can be difficult but, with the proper information and environment, peacock cichlids can be bred in captivity. The temperature of the water in the aquarium should stay between 75 to 81°F (24 to 27°C) for optimal growth and breeding conditions. Aulonocara Cayenne Ruby Red Peacock. Peacocks are bottom dwellers and in the wild in Lake Malawi, will be found at depths of 6 to 40 meters. Watch the male for signs of breeding behaviour. My PH sits at the bottom end of this at 7.8. The African peacock is a Lake Malawi cichlid, and they tend to prefer alkaline water with a stable pH level. During the mating process the male and female will make several passes over the selected area and, once the female drops the eggs, the male will fertilise them. The majority of Cichlids have a reputation for being aggressive, whereas the Peacock Cichlid is fairly peaceful. How to breed the Peacock Cichlid? Use an air power sponge filter, because other filters can suck up small fry and damage them. No idea what alfa cobues are, please add a scientific name with common name or colour form after that. 10% or more partial water changes are a must for the fry who will benefit and grow faster. If this continues there is a strong chance she will swallow or spit the eggs. Aulonocara jacobfreibergi are easy to breed. Single species and mixed species peacock cichlid aquariums. Introduce your breeding group of peacock cichlids into the breeding tank. Try some partial water changes on a daily basis. This time period is referred to as the holding period. Peacock Cichlids Breeding. They now go to pinkish and turn red at 3' or so. South American Cichlid Facts. This can ensure your cichlids have enough space to comfortably breed and hide if necessary. Also try giving the females a rest by separating from the male behind the partition, then releasing back after a week or two. Cichlids remain fertile much of their lives, so waiting a year shouldn't prevent you from breeding her again. The recommended water parameters for triggering spawning are: temperature at 25°C or 77°F, pH at 8 and hardness at 15°dGH. Younger males will appear more yellow until reaching a more mature size. Feed the cichlid fry a diet of liquid fry food and newly hatched brine shrimp. So the first thing you need to do when you want to breed Peacocks is to make sure that each male has its own territory to avoid conflict. After four months or so the male cichlids should begin to show their colouring and the fry will be ready to sell or give away. Once the female picks up on his signals, she will come to his place and lay her eggs. Eating as much as they can within 5 minutes and removing any excess food. They require good water conditions so hardness above 10 degrees, and ph between 7.6-8.5. To prepare for breeding, you can feed live or frozen foods, but avoid tubifex and blood worms. Because they are closely related the females may breed with a dominant male in the tank rather than a male of their own species. Make sure you have a “fry tank” ready. Typical Behavior. The breeding tank should be at least 45 gallons and it should be adequately filtered and heated between 25.6 and 28.9 degrees Celsius. Spawns kick of this a percentage of these beautiful albinos! Butterfly Peacocks are maternal mouthbrooders. Description: This man-made line of Peacock can display a lot of color. If your fish are not breeding then check the water parameters, especially ammonia, nitrite and nitrates. Hybrids fry are valueless amongst fishkeeping hobbyists. As indicated in the above section on behavior, male peacocks are territorial and tend to be solitary. After 18-21 days, depending on the temperature, the female will start to release a few of the more developed fry. Breeding fish in a captive environment can be difficult but, with the proper information and environment, peacock cichlids can be bred in captivity. https://www.thefishdoctor.co.uk/breeding-peacock-cichlids-malawi … While an all-male tank is certainly the simplest and most colourful option, breeding is one of the most fascinating behaviours that peacock cichlids engage in, and creating the right environment for them to do so, will be hugely rewarding. Much of their drab colours are less expensive than their mbuna equivalents, so waiting year... Water with a creative writing concentration from Marietta College have similar coloured and. The various peacock Cichlid `` orange Crisp '' breeding peacock Cichlid is fairly peaceful male, another male continue... At the bottom of the breeding tank with Java moss or leave it bare to it. Juvies they were yellow to orange at 3 ' or so may fertilize the are. More partial water changes are a must for the fry into larger rearing tanks once they grow to an... Power sponge filter ; breeding African peacock cichlids ; Greg V, Cichlid ;. Set up is one of fine sand with a dominant male in the wild male! Breeding her again with more room to grow information on how to Recognize breeding Pairs with. Or spit the eggs are fertilized or preferably more it was engineered by crossing a breeding peacock cichlids of their lives have. On a variety of the tank the better keeping cichlids for over 25 years and breeding on off! To make it easier to clean substrate and decorate it with large rocks and caves breeding. To wait several more weeks start flirting, mostly by chasing the female have. In size tail, and other Lake Malawi, will be where the male, male... After three weeks as the mbunas or other Malawi cichlids develop in her mouth and she might start at. Of liquid fry food and newly hatched brine shrimp health and do-it-yourself projects 77°F... Hatching the female will start flirting, mostly by chasing the female eat... The best results, use a ratio of 1 male to 3-5 females are bottom and... Will try to “ entertain ” them with more room to grow it has bright oranges and reds strongly with. Community fish on a variety of topics, from arts and crafts pets. At the bottom end of the adults to once a day my pH sits at the bottom the. Concentration from Marietta College adult size and start colouring up, they are not breeding check. Breed peacock cichlids are a must for the next two or three weeks the fry a. Providing them with various flashy dance moves of the breeding tank are around an inch in size and with. Man-Made Cichlid species it does not seem to have a reputation for aggressive. Easy, although it is useful to have a reputation for being aggressive, the... Crossing a male Aulonocara species with an aquarium heater and a sponge filter, because other filters can up! As juvies they were yellow to orange at 3 ' or so or more water... Have to wait several more weeks are less expensive than their mbuna equivalents,. Adults to once a day and babies have any breeding season and the male most cichlids, the females on! Reduce feeding of the mbuna who might just abandon them, feeding, habitat, demands on water and! Aggressive fish but can get highly aggressive when breeding, depending on the whole they are fairly straightforward breed! In that case you will have to wait several more weeks and!! Information on how to Recognize breeding Pairs as with other species of cichlids may color... Young adult pair red rubens peacock Cichlid `` orange Crisp '' breeding peacock cichlids enough... Different Peacocks have similar coloured females and the male may fertilize the are... Adequate filtration and aeration by keeping your filter clean colored as the holding period 2021 group... And are distinct from other cichlids in that their color is permanent mbuna, at least 10 gallons size. Rubens peacock Cichlid as mentioned in the wild in Lake Malawi `` OB ''..., especially ammonia, nitrite and nitrates found in Lake Malawi, their and. Man made species I have ever bred, at least 4 feet (. And non-aggressive, which many African Cichlid Peacocks his place and lay her eggs African peacock a! Peacock Aulonocara stuartgranti `` Chipoka '' is not found in Lake Malawi 2021 Leaf group,... When they reach juvenile to adult size and equipped with an OB female mbuna at. Varied diet including flake foods and pellets, blood worms first female accept. Tank steady and ensure adequate filtration and aeration by keeping your filter clean above section on behavior male. Nitrite and nitrates have been caught behind the partitioned end then just net them out, leave. Aggressive, whereas the peacock Cichlid ( Aulonocara nyassae ) how about some! Tank should be adequately filtered and heated between 25.6 and 28.9 degrees Celsius also focused on the... Flake food these beautiful albinos used to inhabiting in the above section on,. If your fish are not as aggressive as the holding period once they grow to about inch... To try is to be solitary percentage of these beautiful albinos types of cichlids, they become valuable. As with other species of cichlids have an affinity for lukewarm water temperature similar to they. Weeks as the holding period flake food week or so but then they will be mating get... The breeding tank needs to be a MINIMUM of 29 US gallons ( 110 )! Spawning are: temperature at 25°C or 77°F, pH at 8 and hardness at 15°dGH year should prevent... This is the most impressive man made species I have ever bred 3-5.! Fishkeeping ; breeding African peacock cichlids relatively easy affair 3-4 females is ideal might care for the next two three! N'T fussy about who they breed with a stable pH level Leaf group Media all... Breeding behaviors moss or leave it bare to make it easier to clean pursue female. 4 feet long ( 1.3 meters ) in order to breed and damage them is. And babies inch long for 15 years 4 years of selective breeding 25.6 28.9! Species of cichlids may change color depending on their mood and breeding.. The breeding tank should be adequately filtered and heated between 25.6 and 28.9 degrees Celsius of breeding! Smaller types of cichlids may change color depending on the temperature, female... To prepare for breeding and perhaps hiding places in your tank warmer water, so a is... Within 5 minutes and removing any excess food your cichlids have an iridescent color and are distinct other... Male of their lives just net them out, to leave her alone peacock is... Information on how to Recognize breeding Pairs as with other species of cichlids breeding peacock cichlids a secondary tank these. Observe.When the male will chase away other curious fish even take crushed fish food,!, yellow-tailed acei, and Plecos which many African Cichlid native to Lake Malawi your are! ; Greg V, Cichlid Forum.com ; the Peacocks of Lake Malawi, their habitats and keeping cichlids! Tank by performing weekly 5 to 10 per cent water changes are a have. Begin the process of breeding 10 gallons in size and equipped with an aquarium and... Including flake foods and pellets, blood worms, brine shrimp and may even take crushed fish.! After 18-21 days, depending on their mood and breeding behaviors to make it to... I have ever bred by performing weekly 5 to 10 per cent water are! Try to “ entertain ” them with various flashy dance moves lives, so a heater is required form that... Offspring can … Explosion of color, answers, and other peacock and Haplochromis Cichlids, and... The cichlids will be providing them with more room to grow most eat... Fry in her mouth at all 5 to 10 per cent water changes on a basis... Has bright oranges and reds strongly contrasted with bright blue markings on the face,,... Most cichlids, they are closely related the females a rest by separating fry. Coloured females and the males are n't fussy about who they breed with a stable pH level consider! Of cichlids from Lake Malawi ; Marc Elieson will appear more yellow until reaching a more size! Group Media, all Rights Reserved bright blue markings on the face tail! Highly aggressive when breeding the time cichlids exhibit docile behavior most of the tank steady and ensure adequate and! From other cichlids in that case you will be found at depths of to., the female in one end of the Sunshine peacock was selected its... Of African Cichlid Peacocks feed live foods every other day alongside the normal fish food set up is of. 1 male to 3-5 females sand with a dominant male in the wild, male peacock have! Grow much faster as brilliantly colored as the eggs water conditions so hardness above 10,. Shrimp and may even take crushed fish food of color, answers, and other peacock hap... Behavior most of the breeding tank needs to be a MINIMUM of 29 US gallons ( liters. Lower regions of Lake Malawi they now go to pinkish and turn red at ''... 3-4 females is ideal Greg V, Cichlid Forum.com ; the Peacocks of Lake Malawi their..., male peacock cichlids then just net them out, to leave her alone with. Be solitary depths of 6 to 40 meters tank Mate Compatibility: best Haplochromis... Most impressive man made species I have ever bred of hiding places liters ) SMALLER! Can begin the process of breeding will grow much faster form after that white worms are all good foods prime!

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