The first Prime Minister after restoration of Democracy in 1990 was Krishna Prasad … Per Section 76, the prime minister is the chairman of the Council of Ministers and thus exercises executive power collectively with the Council of Ministers.. To mark the official handover of the vaccines, a ceremony was organized in the official residence of Oli in Kathmandu; Vinay Mohan Kawtra, India’s ambassador to Nepal, delivered the vaccines to Oli on India’s behalf. KATHMANDU, Nepal (AP) — Tens of thousands of people protested in Nepal’s capital on Friday against the prime minister for dissolving Parliament and ordering new elections in …  During the Rana dynasty, the position of prime minister was hereditary and the officeholder held additional titles — Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal and Grand Master of the Royal Orders of Nepal. However, Nepal entered into a disastrous Anglo-Nepalese War with the East India Company lasting from 1814–16, which was concluded with the Treaty of Sugauli, by which Nepal lost almost one-third of its land. The nobility of Gorkha was mainly based from Chhetri families and they had a strong presence in civil administration affairs. Here the government of Nepal can simply be called.  At the end of the 18th century, the central politics was regularly dominated by two notable political factions; Thapas and Pandes. The prime minister shall cease to hold office in the following circumstances: Furthermore, the Section 77 (3) states: If the prime minister ceases to hold the office according to clause (1), the same council of ministers shall continue to work until another council of ministers is constituted, provided that, in the case of the death of the prime minister, the senior most minister shall continue to act as Prime Minister until a new prime minister is appointed. This is because Section 75 of the Constitution explicitly vests the executive power of the federal government in the Council of Ministers–of which the Prime Minister is the leader–not the president. During Bhimsen's prime ministership, the Gurkha empire had reached its greatest expanse from Sutlej river in the west to the Teesta river in the east. His second wife was Subarnaprabha Devi with whom he begot two sons, Ranodyot Shah and Shamsher Shah. The prime minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री) is the head of government and chief executive of Nepal. 23312. The appointment process of the prime minister of Nepal as per Section 77 (1) of 2015 Constitution of Nepal is as follows:. By 1804 this policy had failed. The death of King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah in 1816 before his maturity, and the immature age of his heir, King Rajendra Bikram Shah, coupled with the support from Queen Tripurasundari (the junior queen of Rana Bahadur Shah) allowed him to continue to remain in power even after Nepal's defeat in the Anglo-Nepalese War. Prime ministers of Nepal with Some facts, information, history, and biography 1.  Per historians and contemporary writer Francis Hamilton, the government of Nepal[note 3] comprised, Per historian Dilli Raman Regmi, the states the government of Nepal were, In 1794, King Rana Bahadur Shah came of age and his first act was to re-constitute the government such that his uncle, Prince Bahadur Shah of Nepal, had no official part to play. KATHMANDU: Nepal's caretaker Prime Minister K.P. The federal cabinet headed by the prime minister is appointed by the president of Nepal to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive.  He then renounced his ascetic life and attempted to re-assert his royal authority. In this massacre that lasted for about two weeks, a total of ninety-three people (16 women and 77 men) lost their lives. Parliament was dissolved on Dec. 20 at the direction of the prime minister and new elections were announced for April 30 and May 10, 2021. , After almost two-year, all of a sudden Rana Bahadur was made Mukhtiyar (chief authority) and Bhimsen tried to implement his schemes through Rana Bahadur. This is a list of the prime ministers and other heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal and later the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.   Bharadars formed a consultative body in the kingdom for the most important functions of the state as counsellors, ministers and Diplomats.  Bhimsen had also secretly learned of a plot to oust Rana Bahadur. There are recorded 38 prime ministers of Nepal. Those who had helped Rana Bahadur to return to Kathmandu were lavished with rank, land, and wealth.Bhimsen Thapa was made a second kaji; Ranajit Pande, who was the father-in-law of Bhimsen's brother, was made the Mulkaji; Sher Bahadur Shah, Rana Bahadur's half-brother, was made the Mul Chautariya; while Rangnath Paudel was made the Raj Guru (royal spiritual preceptor). In most other parliamentary republics, the president is at least the nominal chief executive, while being bound by convention to act on the advice of the cabinet. Under Section 76, part 7 of the Constitution, the president is required to appoint the leader of the majority party in the House of Representatives as prime minister. Some troops were sent by Kathmandu Durbar to check their progress, but the troops changed their allegiance when they came face to face with the ex-King. Phone: +977-1-4211000, 4211040, 4211035, 4211080. Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli (File photo: Republica) Addressing a gathering of leading party workers from NCP Nuwakot and who are available in Kathmandu, today, he urged the party leaders and workers to go to the people's doorsteps and become active as the date for fresh election has already been announced with the dissolution of the House of Representatives.  Damodar Pande and his men were arrested at Thankot where they were waiting to greet the ex-King with state honors and take him into isolation. Only a handful of Nepalese prime ministers have carried a democratic mandate. In picture: Emergency Cabinet meeting underway at Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli's residence in Kathmandu/ANI According to officials, Oli also addressed the National Assembly on Sunday. KATHMANDU, Jan 21: President Bidya Devi Bhandari and Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli have sent separate messages of felicitations to the high offices of the United States of America today on the assumption of the office by the newly elected US President Joe Biden. Mukhya means Chief and Akhtiyar means Authority. ", "Baluwatar vacated - The Himalayan Times", "PM's Office - Heritage Tale - ECSNEPAL - The Nepali Way", "Left alliance urges President to appoint UML Chair Oli as prime minister", "English Translation of "मुख्य" - Collins Hindi-English Dictionary", "English Translation of "अख़्तियार" - Collins Hindi-English Dictionary", The Bloodstained Throne Struggles for Power in Nepal (1775-1914) - Baburam Acharya, "Part 7 Federal Executive, Section 75 Executive power", "Part 7 Federal Executive, Section 76 Constitution of Council of Ministers", "Part 7 Federal Executive, Section 77 Vacation of office of Prime Minister and Minister", "The failure of Captain Knox's mission in Nepal", Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prime_Minister_of_Nepal&oldid=996575361, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Until the term of House of Representatives; or the Prime Minister resigns/vote of no confidence is passed/ceases to be member of HoR/dies, 1983–1986; 1990-1990; 1997-1997; 2002-2003, 1995–1997; 2001-2002; 2004–2005; 2017-2018. Ranodyot Shah was the eldest male heir apparent of Rana Bahadur Shah. Oli, take part in a rally in his support, after the … During the minority of the King Girvan Yuddha, Damodar Pande took over the administration as Mulkaji, or prime minister (1799-1804), with complete control over administration and the power to conduct foreign affairs. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Prime Minister Of Nepal Sher Bahadur Deuba Resigns in höchster Qualität.  Another reason was the minority of the reigning King between 1777 and 1847 that led to establishment of anarchial rule. Despite being stripped of party membership, Oli remains in office. This video belongs to Nepal political situation.Role of Nepali polital parties. The prime minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री) is the head of government and chief executive of Nepal. Bhimsen Thapa ruled for 31 years as Mukhtiyar and implemented large number of reforms in agriculture, forestry, trade and commerce, judiciary, military, communications, transportations, slavery, human trafficking and other social evils in his premiership.  This led to a direct conflict with almost all the courtiers who had pledged a holy oath of allegiance to the legitimate king Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah. Prime Minister without leadership, result-oriented planning and mediator personality is not a prime minister at all. After the revolution of 1951, non-aristocratic citizens like Matrika Prasad Koirala held the position of prime minister still under the declaration of the King of Nepal. Security personnel take their positions for the arrival of Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, in Dhangadhi, of Kailali district, on Friday, December 8, 2021. The first elected prime minister was B. P. Koirala, in 1959.  Thus, Bhimsen became the first person outside the royal household to hold the position of the Mukhtiyar.  Subarnaprabha and her supporters were released and given a general pardon. He is … The Prime Minister is a member of the House of Representatives of Nepal and is the highest ranking federal officer within the government. At the time of the Shah dynasty, either Chautariya, Kaji or Mulkajis (Chief Kajis) served the function of prime ministers. "The year 2021 will be the year when we declare that between Nepal and India - there are no problems at all", Oli said.  The prime minister of Nepal has a term limit of 5 years.  The seat of the prime minister is Singha Darbar since the time of Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. It is necessary for all of us who want this constitution to function and who care about this country to shout out that the Prime Minister is wrong. Pro-government activists holding portraits of Nepal's Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, also known as K.P. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org , As soon as they received the news, Rana Bahadur and his group proceeded towards Kathmandu. After he was deposed and imprisoned in 1960, King Mahendra established the Panchayat system and the country did not have a democratic government until 1990. Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa was the first person to be referred to as Prime Minister by the British. Fax: +977-1-4211065, 4211086, 4211038, 4211021, 4211047.  All of the Prime Minister of Nepal between 1768 and 1950 were Chhetris with the exception of Ranga Nath Poudyal, being a Brahmin. KATHMANDU, Jan 13: Chairperson of the Dahal-Nepal faction of the Nepal Communist Party (NCP), Pushpa Kamal Dahal, has accused Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli of dissolving the House of Representatives and bringing vertical split in the ruling party at the behest of India. The country became a constitutional monarchy after the Jana Andolan movement. Nepal's Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli in an exclusive conversation with WION claimed that the country's relationship with India is "far better than before". Addressing an event of the Armed Police Force in Kathmandu on Friday, Oli said, “The entire country is preparing for the elections.  On the spot where Rana Bahadur Shah drew his last breath, Bhimsen later built a commemorative Shiva temple by the name Rana-Mukteshwar..  He exiled Rajrajeshwari to Helambu, where she became a Buddhist nun, on the charge of siding with Damodar Pande and colluding with the British.  Damodar Pande, along with his two eldest sons, who were completely innocent, was executed on 13 March 1804; similarly some members of his faction were tortured and executed without any due trial, while many others managed to escape to India. K P Sharma Oli, Nepal’s Prime Minister, trusted by people to safeguard constitution and uphold constitutionalism, is pushing the country to the risks of prolonged uncertainty, unraveling of the 2015 constitution and ending all prospects of stability. Photo: Tekendra Deuba/ THT [note 1] During the Rana dynasty, the position of Prime Minister was hereditary and the officeholder held additional titles — Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal and Grand Master of the Royal Orders of Nepal.  Tribhuvan Khawas decided to reveal everyone that was involved in the dialogue with the British. The prime minister is the chair of the Council of Ministers of Nepal and the chief adviser to the President of Nepal. The current constitution was adopted on 20 September 2015, and the first prime minister under this new constitution is Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli. July 1785), after the death of Regent, Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, brother of assassinated Kirtiman Singh, was then given the post of, sfn error: no target: CITEREFVaidyaBajracharya1991 (, Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist), Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), "Girija prasad, acting head of state of nepal", http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7475112.stm, "Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda sworn in as new Nepal PM", "Sher Bahadur Deuba sworns in as Prime Minister", "Sher Bahadur Deuba resigns, KP Oli to take over as Nepal PM", "Newly appointed PM KP Sharma Oli takes oath of office", "The failure of Captain Knox's mission in Nepal", Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_prime_ministers_of_Nepal&oldid=998112239, Lists of political office-holders in Nepal, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 21:48. Meanwhile, judges in the Himalayan country's top court are hearing … [note 5] Rana Bahadur also punished those who did not help him while in exile.  The government was stated to have controlled by regents, Mukhtiyars and alliance of political faction with strong fundamental support. The courtiers were instead replaced by his close relatives, who were mere yes-men. New Delhi [India], January 22 (ANI): Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday said India remains committed to assisting the people of Nepal in fighting the Covid-19 pandemic.  On subsequent February, Damodar Pande was appointed by Queen Rajrajeshwari as Mulkaji (Chief Kaji) as a reward for establishing her regency. If I were the PM of Nepal, my paramount agenda would be to look for common ground to reach consensus among political parties. Similarly, in mid-1795, he became infatuated with a Maithil Brahmin widow, Kantavati Jha, and married her on the oath of making their illegitimate half-caste son (as per the Hindu law of that time) the heir apparent, by excluding the legitimate heir Prince Ranodyot Shah who was born from his previous marriage with a high caste Chhetri, Queen Subarna Prabha Devi. [note 4] Such acts earned Rana Bahadur notoriety both among courtiers and common people, especially among Brahmins. The residence of Prime Minister of Nepal is in Baluwatar, Kathmandu. The prime minister is the chair of the Council of Ministers of Nepal and the chief adviser to the President of Nepal. While it is generally believed that Tripurasundari was from a, sfnm error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFNepal2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFKarmacharya1995 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFNepal2007 (, "PM Deuba shifts to official residence in Baluwatar", "How much are VIPs, including President and PM, paid monthly?  After Rana Bahadur's reinstatement to power, he started to extract vengeance on those who had tried to keep him in exile. As of January 2021, there are seven living former prime ministers. This conflict eventually led to the establishment of a dual government and to an imminent civil war, with Damodar Pande leading the military force against the dissenting ex-king and his group. Nepal’s Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli on Thursday expressed his gratitude for India’s “generous grant of one million doses of COVID vaccine” to Nepal on Thursday.  At around 10 pm, Sher Bahadur in desperation drew a sword and killed Rana Bahadur Shah before being cut down by nearby courtiers, Bam Shah and Bal Narsingh Kunwar, also allies of Bhimsen.  The executive power allocation was fluctuating between Kajis and Chautariyas. Later, Kirtiman Singh was secretly assassinated on 28 September 1801, by the supporters of Raj Rajeshwari Devi and his brother Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, was then given the post of Chief (Mul) Kaji. He previously served as Prime Minister from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016 and was the first elected PM under the newly adopted Constitution of Nepal. He set a significant precedent for later Nepalese history, which has seen a recurring struggle for effective power between king and prime minister. Sharma Oli was ejected from the country's ruling Communist party on Monday, his opponents said, in protest at his abrupt move in December to dissolve parliament and call for an early general election. (i.e. These are selected at different time duration. In 1806, the position of Mukhtiyar was created by Rana Bahadur Shah which carried executive powers of nation. As of January 2021, there are following living former prime ministers: Opinion on First Prime Minister: Damodar Pande or Bhimsen Thapa, Fall of Bahadur Shah and rise of Damodar Pande (1794-1804), Fall of Damodar Pande and rise of Bhimsen Thapa (1804), Thapadom and subsequent transition; 1806-1846, Democratic rule and subsequent Panchayat rule; 1951-1990, Federal Democratic Republic; 2008-present. Prime Ministers of Nepal First. However, if a confidence vote is unsuccessful, the president must appoint an MP who can demonstrate that he or she can command the confidence of the House. Discord and division continue inside the Nepal Communist Party, which has not split formally but has virtually fallen apart after Prime Minister K.P. The position of prime minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री, romanized: Nēpālakō pradhānamantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history. Nepal's ruling Communist Party has split in two and the president, acting on the recommendation of Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli, has ousted the parliament. Heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal (1768–2008), Mul-Kajis and Muktiyars during the Shah expansion era and before the Rana era, Prime ministers before the Rana era (1843–1846), Prime ministers during the Rana era (1846–1951), Prime ministers during the Transition era (1951–1960), Prime ministers during the Panchayat era (1960–1990), Prime ministers during the Constitutional monarchy (1990–2008), Prime ministers of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (2008–present), On Shrawan 1842 B.S. After the Jana Andolan movement in 1990, the country became a constitutional monarchy. On the day, I have compiled the list of all the prime ministers of Nepal.  There was no single successful coalition government as court politics were driven from large factional rivalries, consecutive conspiracies and ostracization of opponent Bharadar families through assassination rather than legal expulsion. These Bharadars (officers) were drawn from high caste and politically influential families such as Pande dynasty, Basnyat dynasty, Thapa dynasty, etc. He also said that 2021 will be the year when there will no problems between the two countries. If no party has a majority, the president is required to appoint an MP who has the support of a coalition of parties who between them have a majority in the chamber–in practice, the leader of the senior partner in such a coalition.  By 1797, his relationship with his uncle, who was living a retired life, and who wanted to seek refuge in China on the pretext of meeting the new emperor, had deteriorated to the extent that he ordered his imprisonment on 19 February 1797 and his subsequent murder on 23 June 1797. Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers OPMCM - Government of Nepal प्रधानमन्त्री तथा मन्त्रिपरिषद्को कार्यालय Among those who managed to escape to India were Damodar Pande's sons Karbir Pande and Ranjang Pande.  Mukhtiyar is formed from two words: Mukhya and Akhtiyar. The first Nepali prime minister is Vamsharaj Pande (1739–1785).  Kirtiman had succeeded Abhiman Singh Basnyat as Chief Kaji while Prince Bahadur Shah was succeeded as Chief (Mul) Chautariya by Prince Ranodyot Shah, then heir apparent of King Rana Bahadur Shah. The current prime minister is KP Sharma Oli, since 15 February 2018.. Subsequently, he was deposed and imprisoned in 1960 by King Mahendra who went on to establish the oligarchic authoritative regime of Panchayat system and Nepal did not have a democratic government until 1990. New video of Nepali politics All the other wives (except Subarnaprabha) and concubines of Rana Bahadur, along with their handmaidens, were forced to commit sati. If a vote of confidence fails to be approved according to Article (100), or a motion of no confidence is passed.  Kajis had held the administrative and executive powers of the nation after the fall of Chief Chautariya Prince Bahadur Shah in 1794. Subsequently, he was deposed and imprisoned in 1960 by King Mahendra who went on to establish the oligarchic authoritative regime of Panchayat system and Nepal did not have a democratic government until 1990. The position of Prime Minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री, romanized: Nēpālakō pradhānamantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history. The prime minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of Nepal and the chief adviser to the state The prime minister is the senior-most member of cabinet in the executive of government in a parliamentary system. His first wife was Rajrajeshwori Devi with whom he begot one daughter. , Almost one and half months before the massacre, upon Bhimsen's insistence, Rana Bahadur, then 31 years old, had married a 14-year-old girl named Tripurasundari on 7 March 1806, making her his fifth legitimate wife.  Bhimsen managed to kill everyone who did not agree with him or anyone who could potentially become a problem for him in the future. The monarchy was abolished on 28 May 2008 by the 1st Constituent Assembly and the country was declared a federal democratic republic. It also led to the establishment of a permanent British Residency. In Past Kajis were equivalent to prime minister. The Council of Ministers or Federal Executive is the executive body of the federal … KATHMANDU, Nepal (AP) — Tens of thousands of people protested in Nepal’s capital on Friday against the prime minister for dissolving Parliament and ordering new elections in an escalating feud within the governing party.The supporters of a splinter group in the Nepal Communist Party marched peacefully in the center of Kathmandu as they demanded that Prime Minister Khadga  After the inevitable death of Kantavati, Rana Bahadur suffered a mental breakdown during which he lashed out by desecrating temples and cruelly punishing the attendant physicians and astrologers.  Rana Bahadur appointed Kirtiman Singh Basnyat as Chief (Mul) Kaji among the newly appointed four kajis though Damodar Pande was the most influential Kaji. Among them was Prithvipal Sen, the king of Palpa, who was tricked into imprisonment, while his kingdom forcefully annexed. Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli arriving Dhangadhi Airport to address a mass gathering in Kailali, on Friday, January 8, 2021. In 1804, a single authoritative position of Mukhtiyar was created by Rana Bahadur Shah which carried the executive powers of nation. The first general election was held in 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first elected prime minister of Nepal. [ 8 ] Altogether it means the `` executive head of the prime minister and Council of ministers,... [ 2 ] the seat of the prime minister by the 1st Constituent Assembly, the! Legitimate wives before marrying Kantavati zum Thema prime minister of Nepal is in Baluwatar Kathmandu. Shamsher Shah his counterparts in other parliamentary democracies autocratic Panchayat regime federal democratic republic Khawas decided to reveal that. 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